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Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh Ji

ਨਾਸਿਰੋ ਮਨਸੂਰ ਗੁਰੁ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ
naasiro manasoor gur gobi(n)dh si(n)gh


Guru Gobind Singh: Guardian of the poor and destitute:


ਈਜ਼ਦਿ ਮਨਜ਼ੂਰ ਗੁਰੂ ਗੋਬਿੰਦ ਸਿੰਘ ॥ ੧੦੫ ॥
e’eezadh manazoor guroo gobi(n)dh si(n)gh || 105 ||

In the presence of Akaal Purakh, and accepted in the court of Waheguru (105).

(Bhai Nand Laal Ji Vaaran)

Guru Gobind Singh Ji, the tenth embodiment of Sri Akaal Purakh, was born on 22 December 1666 in Patna Sahib to Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and Mata Gujri Ji. A skilled warrior, poet, and philosopher, Guru Ji possessed extensive knowledge of scriptures from different faiths while remaining a devoted follower of Sri Akaal Purakh.

At the tender age of nine, Guru Ji was anointed as the Guru. They received advanced education in martial arts and philosophy. In 1684, Guru Ji composed the epic composition of Chandi Di Vaar, portraying the metaphorical battle between Chandi and the raakash, symbolizing the destruction of vices and ego. Guru Ji had three wives: Mata Sundari, Mata Jito, and Mata Sahib Devi Ji.

Guru Ji played a transformative role in shaping the Sikh mindset. Since the Sikhs referred to themselves as slaves (Daas) and lacked confidence in martial warfare, Guru Ji orchestrated a historic event that completely changed their narrative (for further reading, refer to Pracheen Panth Parkash Volume 1). On Vaisakhi 1699, Guru Ji summoned the congregation to Anandpur. Guru Ji asked for five individuals, one after the other, from the congregation, and five Sikhs stepped forward: Bhai Daya Ram, Bhai Dharam Das, Bhai Himmat Rai, Bhai Mohkam Chand, and Bhai Sahib Chand. These five Sikhs were led to a tent where Guru Ji awaited, and they emerged dressed as warriors. They were initiated into the Akali Nihang Khalsa order and administered Khande Di Pahul (Amrit) prepared with water, sugar, a khanda, and various compositions from the Guru Granth Sahib Ji. They were appointed as the Panj Pyare and given the names Bhai Daya Singh Ji, Bhai Dharam Singh Ji, Bhai Himmat Singh Ji, Bhai Mohkam Singh Ji, and Bhai Sahib Singh Ji. They were bestowed a status equal to that of the Guru. Therefore, after their initiation, the Guru himself humbly knelt down and requested Pahul from the Panj Pyare. Guru Gobind Rai was renamed Guru Gobind Singh Ji.

Guru Ji finalized the compilation of the Guru Granth Sahib Ji, including the hymns of their father, Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib Ji, and their own Salok. Additionally, Guru Ji composed the Sri Dasam Guru Granth Sahib, which contains numerous hymns in various languages. Guru Gobind Singh Ji held a firm stance against the Mughals and the Hill Rajas, engaging in 13 battles against oppressive and tyrannical forces.

Guru Ji was the father of the Chaar Sahibzade, namely Sahibzada Baba Ajit Singh Ji, Sahibzada Baba Jujhar Singh Ji, Sahibzada Baba Zorawar Singh Ji, and Sahibzada Mahakaal Baba Fateh Singh Ji. All four sons attained martyrdom (Shaheedi) for their Guru. Despite the immense loss of his entire family, Guru Ji remained in chardikala (high spirits) and declared that he still had thousands of sons (the Khalsa) who were ever ready (Tyaar Bar Tyaar) to annihilate evil.

After the defeat of Aurangzeb in 1707, Wazir Khan dispatched two Afghans to track Guru Ji's army and assassinate him while he rested in his tent. One of the Afghans stabbed Guru Ji, but the ever-ready Guru fought back and overpowered the assassin. The other assassin was executed by the army. A few days later, Guru Gobind Singh Ji performed Akaal Chalana, with the Gurgaddi passing to both the Sri Guru Khalsa Panth and the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji (Adi Granth, Dasam Granth, and Sarbloh Granth).

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